Yoga believes that all diseases are created and cured in the mind. Yoga asanas form the bridge between the body and the mind and the correct application of asanas can help initiate the recovery process in order to bring a state of homeostasis, a certain sense of equilibrium.
Blood pressure is a measurement of the pressure in your arteries during the active and resting phases of each heartbeat. Blood pressure chronically lower than 90/60mmHg is categorised as low blood pressure or hypotension. Sudden drops in blood pressure can be dangerous, causing dizziness and fainting. Low BP is not generally classified as a disease, instead it is seen as a physiological condition.
There are various medical conditions that can lead to hypotension, such as pregnancy, low heart rate (bradycardia), thyroid conditions, Addison’s disease, low blood sugar, dehydration and anemia. Certain medications such as diuretics, alpha blockers, drugs for Parkinson’s disease can also induce low blood pressure. Hypotension can be easily treated by making lifestyle changes such as increasing water and salt intake, avoiding caffeine and alcohol, and taking frequent smaller meals instead on larger ones.
Samkhya Yoga View
Similar to Allopathy, Samkhya Yoga too does not recognise Low BP as a systemic problem; rather it is a natural congenital state for most. Generally, low BP is a sign of excellent health and good vasodilation, but in people suffering from low BP in the form of fatigue, vomiting or diarrhea, nausea, etc strength-building asanas from the Earth element are highly recommended.
Yogic Lifestyle advice
Those with low BP are advised to spend time in nature trails during weekends, walking bare feet on grass and to stay active, pursuing either work or hobbies. Low BP individuals should not spend too much time in solitude or disconnected from active work. Chikitsa Yoga asana sequence for strength-building is highly recommended as well as all round sports such as swimming, cycling and squash.
Asanas to reduce low BP
The Yogic techniques always start with the physical, in order to bring a state of homeostasis, which leads to symptom reduction. The following are a small selection of simple asanas that will begin the process of recovery.
1. Viparita Karani (Upside down pose)
a. Lie flat on your back with the palms facing down.
b. Raise your legs and hips up, keeping the chin close to your chest.
c. Support your lower back with your palms, lift your back off the mat while keeping your knees and back straight.
d. Tilt your legs 30-40 degrees towards the head.
e. Breathe deeply through the chest. You may even close your eyes.
f. Remain here for 3-4 mins then relax your palms and come down gently.
2. Siddhasana (Accomplished pose)
- Sitting down, bend your left knee and place the heel close to the perineum.
- Bend the right knee and tuck the right toe in between the left calf and the thigh.
- Keep the right foot just above the left ankle.
- Maintain a straight back, relaxed shoulders and keep the writs resting on your knees.
- Stay in this pose for 4-5 minutes.
3. Virasana (Hero pose)
- Start by kneeling on the floor with your thighs perpendicular to the floor.
- Bend your knees and place the hips down in between the heels.
- Rest your palms on top of your knees and stay in this pose for 4-5minutes.
AryaMarga Yoga is a yogic research institute based out of Himachal Pradesh. Their work primarily focuses on the integration of certain parametric systems of contemporary psychology with the ancient yogic systems of mental process-control.